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Proceedings Paper

Application of a velocity interferometer to high-speed phenomena
Author(s): Wim C. Prinse; Lun K. Cheng; H. J. Verbeek; Anastasius J.A. Bruinsma; A. C. v.d. Steen
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Paper Abstract

We have developed a Fabry-Perot Velocity Interferometer System (F-PVIS) to measure the velocity of materials, moving with very high speeds. The F-PVIS has e.g. been applied to measure the velocity of a flyer launched by an electric gun. This gun is capable of accelerating thin plastic flyers to very high velocities (up to 8 km/s). The velocity measuring system consists of a one Watt laser, a Fabry-Perot etalon with lenses, a rotating-mirror streak camera and fiber optics to optically connect the laser and the F-P etalon to the object to be measured. The total system very efficiently handles the available light, and is able to measure velocities in the range of 100 m/s to several km/s. Currently we are able to perform two kinds of velocity measurements: (1) The evolution of the velocity of the flyer during the acceleration process. This kind of measurement is performed to calibrate the velocity of the flyer as a function of the voltage on the capacitor bank of the electric gun and as a function of the thickness, diameter and specific mass of the flyer. (2) The time resolved particle velocity at the interface of a sample, subjected to a shock wave, and a transparent material like PMMA or quartz. From the interface velocity the pressure in the sample can be determined, both for inert, solid materials and for detonating substances. With a minor modification in the above mentioned set-up we can also measure the particle velocity in a ceramic powder. Recently we also succeeded in measuring the particle velocity of the tip of a multimode quartz fiber, inserted into an explosive sample. Interpretation of this measurement is still a problem.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 May 1997
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 2869, 22nd International Congress on High-Speed Photography and Photonics, (28 May 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.273409
Show Author Affiliations
Wim C. Prinse, TNO Prins Maurits Lab. (Netherlands)
Lun K. Cheng, TNO Institute of Applied Physics (Netherlands)
H. J. Verbeek, TNO Prins Maurits Lab. (Netherlands)
Anastasius J.A. Bruinsma, TNO Institute of Applied Physics (Netherlands)
A. C. v.d. Steen, TNO Prins Maurits Lab. (Netherlands)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2869:
22nd International Congress on High-Speed Photography and Photonics
Dennis L. Paisley; ALan M. Frank, Editor(s)

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