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Proceedings Paper

Compact VLSI neural computer integrated with active pixel sensor for real-time ATR applications
Author(s): Wai-Chi Fang; Gabriel Udomkesmalee; Leon Alkalai
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Paper Abstract

A compact VLSI neural computer integrated with an active pixel sensor has been under development to mimic what is inherent in biological vision systems. This electronic eye- brain computer is targeted for real-time machine vision applications which require both high-bandwidth communication and high-performance computing for data sensing, synergy of multiple types of sensory information, feature extraction, target detection, target recognition, and control functions. The neural computer is based on a composite structure which combines Annealing Cellular Neural Network (ACNN) and Hierarchical Self-Organization Neural Network (HSONN). The ACNN architecture is a programmable and scalable multi- dimensional array of annealing neurons which are locally connected with their local neurons. Meanwhile, the HSONN adopts a hierarchical structure with nonlinear basis functions. The ACNN+HSONN neural computer is effectively designed to perform programmable functions for machine vision processing in all levels with its embedded host processor. It provides a two order-of-magnitude increase in computation power over the state-of-the-art microcomputer and DSP microelectronics. A compact current-mode VLSI design feasibility of the ACNN+HSONN neural computer is demonstrated by a 3D 16X8X9-cube neural processor chip design in a 2-micrometers CMOS technology. Integration of this neural computer as one slice of a 4'X4' multichip module into the 3D MCM based avionics architecture for NASA's New Millennium Program is also described.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 April 1997
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3077, Applications and Science of Artificial Neural Networks III, (4 April 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.271487
Show Author Affiliations
Wai-Chi Fang, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Gabriel Udomkesmalee, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Leon Alkalai, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3077:
Applications and Science of Artificial Neural Networks III
Steven K. Rogers, Editor(s)

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