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Proceedings Paper

Parallel interconnect for a novel system approach to short distance high information transfer data links
Author(s): Glenn Raskin; Michael S. Lebby; F. Carney; M. Kazakia; Daniel B. Schwartz; Craig A. Gaw
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Paper Abstract

The OPTOBUSTM family of products provides for high performance parallel interconnection utilizing optical links in a 10-bit wide bi-directional configuration. The link is architected to be 'transparent' in that it is totally asynchronous and dc coupled so that it can be treated as a perfect cable with extremely low skew and no losses. An optical link consists of two identical transceiver modules and a pair of connectorized 62.5 micrometer multi mode fiber ribbon cables. The OPTOBUSTM I link provides bi- directional functionality at 4 Gbps (400 Mbps per channel), while the OPTOBUSTM II link will offer the same capability at 8 Gbps (800 Mbps per channel). The transparent structure of the OPTOBUSTM links allow for an arbitrary data stream regardless of its structure. Both the OPTOBUSTM I and OPTOBUSTM II transceiver modules are packaged as partially populated 14 by 14 pin grid arrays (PGA) with optical receptacles on one side of the module. The modules themselves are composed of several elements; including passives, integrated circuits optoelectronic devices and optical interface units (OIUs) (which consist of polymer waveguides and a specially designed lead frame). The initial offering of the modules electrical interface utilizes differential CML. The CML line driver sinks 5 mA of current into one of two pins. When terminated with 50 ohm pull-up resistors tied to a voltage between VCC and VCC-2, the result is a differential swing of plus or minus 250 mV, capable of driving standard PECL I/Os. Future offerings of the OPTOBUSTM links will incorporate LVDS and PECL interfaces as well as CML. The integrated circuits are silicon based. For OPTOBUSTM I links, a 1.5 micrometer drawn emitter NPN bipolar process is used for the receiver and an enhanced 0.8 micrometer CMOS process for the laser driver. For OPTOBUSTM II links, a 0.8 micrometer drawn emitter NPN bipolar process is used for the receiver and the driver IC utilizes 0.8 micrometer BiCMOS technology. The OPTOBUSTM architecture uses AlGaAs vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs) at 850 nm in conjunction with unique opto-electronic packaging concepts. Most laser based transmitter subsystems are incapable of carrying an arbitrary NRZ data stream at high data rates. The receiver subsystem utilizes a conventional GaAs PIN photo-detector. In parallel interconnect systems. The design must take into account the simultaneous switching noise from the neighboring systems. If not well controlled, the high density of the multiple interconnects can limit the sensitivity and therefore the performance of the system. The packaging approach of the VCSEL and PIN arrays allow for high bandwidths and provide the coupling mechanisms necessary to interface to the 62.5 micrometer multi mode fiber. To allow for extremely high electrical signals the OPTOBUSTM package utilizes a multilayer tape automated bonded (TAB) lead frame. The lead frame contains separate signal and ground layers. The ground layer successfully provides for a pseudo-coaxial environment (low inductance and effective signal coupling to the ground plane).

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 April 1997
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3038, High-Speed Semiconductor Lasers for Communication, (10 April 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.271456
Show Author Affiliations
Glenn Raskin, Motorola, Inc. (United States)
Michael S. Lebby, Motorola, Inc. (United States)
F. Carney, Motorola, Inc. (United States)
M. Kazakia, Motorola, Inc. (United States)
Daniel B. Schwartz, Motorola, Inc. (United States)
Craig A. Gaw, Motorola, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3038:
High-Speed Semiconductor Lasers for Communication
Norman S. Kwong; Radhakrishnan Nagarajan, Editor(s)

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