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Proceedings Paper

Surface micromachined tunable resonant cavity LED using wafer bonding
Author(s): Gina L. Christenson; Alex T.T. D. Tran; Zuhua Zhu; Yu-Hwa Lo; Minghwei Hong; J. P. Mannaerts; Rajaram J. Bhat
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Paper Abstract

Surface micromachining and wafer bonding techniques have been integrated to fabricate a dual-use resonant cavity tunable LED/photodetector operating at 1.5 micrometers . The device has a tuning range of 75 nm, and a spectral linewidth of 4 nm, with an extinction ratio of greater than 20 dB throughout the tuning range. The device has potential applications in WDM networks and optical interconnects due to the small physical size, beam profile, and wafer-scale fabrication and testing possibilities. A GaAs/AlAs distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) is integrated with an InGaAsP strain-compensated multiple quantum well gain medium using wafer bonding. The InGaAsP material with a central wavelength of 1.52 micrometers is grown lattice-matched on an InP substrate. After wafer bonding, the InP substrate is removed, leaving the active layers on the GaAs-based mirror and substrate. The top DBR mirror of the resonant cavity is formed using surface micromachining techniques. The mirror consists of a 4 5 pair S1/S1O2 DBR and a T1/W support and contact layer. These materials are deposited on a sacrificial polymide layer above the InP-based gain medium. The polymide is selectively etched to release the membrane, creating an air gap between the top mirror and the epitaxial layers. When a voltage is applied between these two layers, the membrane is deflected towards the substrates, changing the Fabry-Perot cavity length, and causing a corresponding change in the resonance wavelength of the device. The device functions as a resonant cavity photodetector by reverse biasing the multiple quantum well region. The absorption bandwidth and wavelength running are identical to the emission characteristics of the same device when used as an LED.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 April 1997
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3008, Miniaturized Systems with Micro-Optics and Micromechanics II, (11 April 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.271432
Show Author Affiliations
Gina L. Christenson, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Alex T.T. D. Tran, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Zuhua Zhu, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Zhejiang Univ. (China)
Yu-Hwa Lo, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Minghwei Hong, Lucent Technologies Bell Labs. (United States)
J. P. Mannaerts, Lucent Technologies Bell Labs. (United States)
Rajaram J. Bhat, Bell Communications Research (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3008:
Miniaturized Systems with Micro-Optics and Micromechanics II
M. Edward Motamedi; Larry J. Hornbeck; Kristofer S. J. Pister, Editor(s)

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