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Proceedings Paper

Microchannel array flow analyzer for measurement of whole blood rheology and flow characteristics of leukocytes activated by bacterial stimulation
Author(s): Yuji Kikuchi; Sadao Fujieda; Hiroko E. Kikuchi
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Paper Abstract

Microgrooves (width 6, 7, and 8 micrometer, each with length 20, 30, and 40 micrometers, respectively; depth 4.5 micrometers; number 4704 in parallel of one size per chip; chip dimensions 12 multiplied by 12 mm) photofabricated in the surface of a single-crystal silicon substrate were converted to leak-proof microchannels by tightly covering them with an optically flat glass plate. Using the microchannels as a model of physiological capillaries, total flow rate of heparinized whole blood taken from healthy subjects was determined under a constant suction of 20 cmH2O, while flow behavior of blood cells through individual channels was microscopically observed. The apparent viscosity (ratio to that of saline) of whole blood was obtained as 4.7 plus or minus 0.5, 3.7 plus or minus 0.3, and 3.4 plus or minus 0.2 (mean plus or minus SD, n equals 4) for 6, 7, and 8 micrometer width channels, respectively. Normal leukocytes passed, showing a round shape, through the channels much more slowly then erythrocytes, but caused no appreciable interference with passage of erythrocytes. Meanwhile, cells exposed to the chemotactic peptide FMLP (1 - 10 nM) and bacterial cells (Escherichia coli K 12; 6 multiplied by 106/ml) slowed further greatly, showing very irregular shapes, and eventually blocked the channels. Such a response of leukocytes took place immediately after the exposure to FMLP, but it appeared gradually with time after the exposure to the cells.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 March 1997
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 2978, Micro- and Nanofabricated Electro-Optical Mechanical Systems for Biomedical and Environmental Applications, (31 March 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.269967
Show Author Affiliations
Yuji Kikuchi, National Food Research Institute (Japan)
Sadao Fujieda, Hitachi Haramachi Electronics Ltd. (Japan)
Hiroko E. Kikuchi, Hokkaido Univ. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2978:
Micro- and Nanofabricated Electro-Optical Mechanical Systems for Biomedical and Environmental Applications
Paul Lee Gourley, Editor(s)

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