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Proceedings Paper

Neural network for intelligent query of an FBI forensic database
Author(s): Lee A. Uvanni; Timothy G. Rainey; Uma Balasubramanian; Dean W. Brettle; Fred Weingard; Robert W. Sibert; Eric Birnbaum
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Paper Abstract

Examiner is an automated fired cartridge case identification system utilizing a dual-use neural network pattern recognition technology, called the statistical-multiple object detection and location system (S-MODALS) developed by Booz(DOT)Allen & Hamilton, Inc. in conjunction with Rome Laboratory. S-MODALS was originally designed for automatic target recognition (ATR) of tactical and strategic military targets using multisensor fusion [electro-optical (EO), infrared (IR), and synthetic aperture radar (SAR)] sensors. Since S-MODALS is a learning system readily adaptable to problem domains other than automatic target recognition, the pattern matching problem of microscopic marks for firearms evidence was analyzed using S-MODALS. The physics; phenomenology; discrimination and search strategies; robustness requirements; error level and confidence level propagation that apply to the pattern matching problem of military targets were found to be applicable to the ballistic domain as well. The Examiner system uses S-MODALS to rank a set of queried cartridge case images from the most similar to the least similar image in reference to an investigative fired cartridge case image. The paper presents three independent tests and evaluation studies of the Examiner system utilizing the S-MODALS technology for the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 February 1997
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 2938, Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence Systems for Law Enforcement, (18 February 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.266749
Show Author Affiliations
Lee A. Uvanni, Rome Lab. (United States)
Timothy G. Rainey, Booz*Allen & Hamilton Inc. (United States)
Uma Balasubramanian, Booz*Allen & Hamilton Inc. (United States)
Dean W. Brettle, Booz*Allen & Hamilton Inc. (United States)
Fred Weingard, Booz*Allen & Hamilton Inc. (United States)
Robert W. Sibert, Federal Bureau of Investigation (United States)
Eric Birnbaum, Federal Bureau of Investigation (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2938:
Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence Systems for Law Enforcement
Edward M. Carapezza; Donald Spector, Editor(s)

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