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Proceedings Paper

Sticky foam as a less-than-lethal technology
Author(s): Steven H. Scott
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Paper Abstract

Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) in 1994 completed a project funded by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) to determine the applicability of sticky foam for correctional applications. Sticky foam is an extremely tacky, tenacious material used to block, entangle, and impair individuals. The NIJ project developed a gun capable of firing multiple shots of sticky foam, tested the gun and sticky foam effectiveness on SNL volunteers acting out prison and law enforcement scenarios, and had the gun and sticky foam evaluated by correctional representatives. Based on the NIJ project work, SNL supported the Marine Corps Mission, Operation United Shield, with sticky foam guns and supporting equipment to assist in the withdrawal of UN Peacekeepers from Somalia. Prior to the loan of the waste disposal, use limitations, use protocol and precautions, emergency facial clean-up, skin clean-up, gun filling, targeting and firing, and gun cleaning. The Marine Corps successfully used the sticky foam guns as part of that operation. This paper describes these recent developments of sticky foam for non-lethal uses and some of the lessons learned from scenario and application testing.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 January 1997
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 2934, Security Systems and Nonlethal Technologies for Law Enforcement, (29 January 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.265402
Show Author Affiliations
Steven H. Scott, Sandia National Labs. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2934:
Security Systems and Nonlethal Technologies for Law Enforcement
John B. Alexander; John B. Alexander; Debra D. Spencer; Steve Schmit; Basil J. Steele, Editor(s)

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