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Proceedings Paper

Vector quantization based on a psychovisual lattice for a visual subband coding scheme
Author(s): Hakim Senane; Abdelhakim Saadane; Dominique Barba
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Paper Abstract

A vector quantization based on a psychovisual lattice is used in a visual components image coding scheme to achieve a high compression ratio with an excellent visual quality. The vectors construction methodology preserves the main properties of the human visual system concerning the perception of quantization impairments and takes into account the masking effect due to interaction between subbands with the same radial frequency but with different orientations. The vectors components are the local band limited contrasts Cij defined as the ratio between the luminance Lij at point, which belongs to the radial subband i and angular sector j, and the average luminance at this location corresponding to the radial frequencies up to subband i-1. Hence the vectors dimension is depending on the orientation selectivity of the chosen decomposition. The low pass subband, which is nondirectional is scalar quantized. The performances of the coding scheme have been evaluated on a set of images in terms of peak SNR, true bit rates and visual quality. For this, no impairments are visible at a distance of 4 times the height of a high quality TV monitor. The SNR are about 6 to 8 dB under the ones of classical subband image coding schemes when producing the same visual quality. Due to the use of the local band limited contrast, the particularity of this approach relies in the structure of the reconstruction image error which is found to be highly correlated to the structure of the original image.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 January 1997
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 3024, Visual Communications and Image Processing '97, (10 January 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.263257
Show Author Affiliations
Hakim Senane, IRESTE (France)
Abdelhakim Saadane, IRESTE (France)
Dominique Barba, IRESTE (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3024:
Visual Communications and Image Processing '97
Jan Biemond; Edward J. Delp III, Editor(s)

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