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Proceedings Paper

Concerns about seam-welded piping at elevated temperatures
Author(s): Jude R. Foulds; R. Viswanathan; Richard M. Tilley
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Paper Abstract

Following the catastrophic failures of seam-welded reheat piping at two power stations in 1985/86, the industry, with the assistance of the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) embarked on an aggressive inspection and evaluation effort to minimize the apparent risk associated with operating seam-welded hot reheat piping. This effort resulted in the EPRI guidelines for the evaluation of seam- welded stream pipes issued in 1987. Since 1987, more data and plant experience relating to seam weld cracking have become available. The data and experience have furthered our understanding of the inservice damaging process, and have helped assess the field effectiveness of the EPRI- recommended procedure for inservice seam-welded pipe inspection. Based on metallurgical evaluation and mechanical tests of weldments, the factors contributing to failures have been identified to be some or all of the following: excess stress and temperature; pre-existing flaws; nonmetallic inclusions; sharp weld cusps and creep strength mismatch; impurity segregation; weld roof-angle; etc. Since exceptions exist in every case, attempts to develop screening criteria for pipes 'at risk' have been less than successful. This paper presents an overview of the current state-of-knowledge with regard to the integrity of hot reheat seam-welded piping in the USA, with summary guidance on quantitative application of this knowledge of the life prediction of inservice piping.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 November 1996
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 2947, Nondestructive Evaluation of Utilities and Pipelines, (14 November 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.259182
Show Author Affiliations
Jude R. Foulds, Failure Analysis Associates, Inc. (United States)
R. Viswanathan, Electric Power Research Institute (United States)
Richard M. Tilley, Electric Power Research Institute (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2947:
Nondestructive Evaluation of Utilities and Pipelines
Martin Prager; Richard M. Tilley, Editor(s)

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