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Proceedings Paper

Design considerations for achieving high accuracy with the SHOALS bathymetric lidar system
Author(s): Gary C. Guenther; Robert W. L. Thomas; Paul E. LaRocque
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Paper Abstract

The ultimate accuracy of depths from an airborne laser hydrography system depends both on careful hardware design aimed at producing the best possible accuracy and precision of recorded data, along with insensitivity to environmental effects, and on post-flight data processing software which corrects for a number of unavoidable biases and provides for flexible operator interaction to handle special cases. The generic procedure for obtaining a depth from an airborne lidar pulse involves measurement of the time between the surface return and the bottom return. In practice, because both of these return times are biased due to a number of environmental and hardware effects, it is necessary to apply various correctors in order to obtain depth estimates which are sufficiently accurate to meet International Hydrographic Office standards. Potential false targets, also of both environmental and hardware origin, must be discriminated, and wave heights must be removed. It is important to have a depth confidence value matched to accuracy and to have warnings about or automatic deletion of pulses with questionable characteristics. Techniques, procedures, and algorithms developed for the SHOALS systems are detailed here.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 November 1996
PDF: 18 pages
Proc. SPIE 2964, CIS Selected Papers: Laser Remote Sensing of Natural Waters: From Theory to Practice, (13 November 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.258353
Show Author Affiliations
Gary C. Guenther, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (United States)
Robert W. L. Thomas, EG&G Washington Analytical Services, Inc. (United States)
Paul E. LaRocque, Optech, Inc. (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2964:
CIS Selected Papers: Laser Remote Sensing of Natural Waters: From Theory to Practice
Victor I. Feigels; Yurij I. Kopilevich, Editor(s)

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