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Proceedings Paper

New multiexpert architecture for high-performance object recognition
Author(s): Michael C. Fairhurst; A. Fuad R. Rahman
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Paper Abstract

Considerable work has been reported in recent years on the utilization of hierarchical architectures for efficient classification of image data typically encountered in task domains relevant to automated inspection, part sorting, quality monitoring, and so on. Such work has opened up the possibility of further enhancements through the more effective use of multiple-experts in such structures, but a principal difficulty encountered is to formulate an efficient way to combine decisions of individual experts to form a consensus. The approach proposed here can be envisaged as a structure with multiple layers of filters to separate an input object/image stream. In an n-way classification problem, the primary layer channels the input stream into n different streams, with subsequent further processing dependent on the form of decision taken at the earlier stages. The decision about combining the initially filtered streams is taken based on the degree of confusion among the classes present. The filter battery effectively creates two separate types of output. One is the relatively well-behaved filtered stream corresponding to the defined target classes, while the other contains the patterns which are rejected by different filters as not belonging to the target stream. Subsequently, more specialized classifiers are trained to recognize the intended target classes only, while the rejected patterns from all the second layer filters are collected and presented to a reject recovery classifier which is trained on all the n input classes. Thus, progressively more focusing of the decision making occurs as the processing path is traversed, with the resultant increase in the overall classification capability of the overall system. In this paper, classification results are presented to illustrate the relative performance levels achieved with single expert classifiers in comparison with this type of multi-expert configuration where these single experts are integrated within the processing framework outlined above. A number of conclusions are drawn in relation to the value and potential of hierarchical/multi- expert systems in general and, more importantly, some guidelines are offered about optimizing classifier structures for particular application domains such as automated inspection processing.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 October 1996
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 2908, Machine Vision Applications, Architectures, and Systems Integration V, (31 October 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.257256
Show Author Affiliations
Michael C. Fairhurst, Univ. of Kent at Canterbury (United Kingdom)
A. Fuad R. Rahman, Univ. of Kent at Canterbury (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2908:
Machine Vision Applications, Architectures, and Systems Integration V
Susan Snell Solomon; Bruce G. Batchelor; Frederick M. Waltz, Editor(s)

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