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Proceedings Paper

CnNOT gates for quantum computers using photonic devices
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Paper Abstract

The Controlled-NOT (CNOT) quantum gate associated with single qubit gates is universal for building all quantum circuits. Although CNOTs based on trapped ions and superconducting qubits have become experimentally feasible, the deterministically functioning quantum CNOT gate with photonic qubits will lead to practical realization of quantum computers in a deterministic manner, and will therefore provide an exponential increase in processing power with lowest decoherence time. Based on a previously proposed CNOT model utilizing a quantum cloner (with a fidelity of 78 %), we present in this work our design of the Compact CNOT gate providing a fidelity of 90.31 %, and give physical realization constraints for building CNOT based decomposition of the Toffoli gate and more generalized photonic CnNOT gates. The photonic qubits are encoded by circularly polarized single photons and the design of the gate is based on copying the polarization degree of freedom by quantum cloners. Our model is based on spin of electron in a quantum dot embedded in a double sided optical microcavity which behaves like a beam splitter. Circularly polarizing beam splitters, beam splitters, delay lines, photonic circulators, single qubit operations and other photonic devices are used for the design and decomposition. We show that the fidelity of the decomposed CnNOT gates is highly dependent on the errors of the non-perfect photonic devices used and more specifically to the theoretical optimal limit of 5/6 of the quantum cloners required for each CNOT in the decomposition.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 April 2020
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 11389, Micro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems, and Applications XII, 113890D (23 April 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2556223
Show Author Affiliations
Amor Gueddana, Univ. of Carthage (Tunisia)
Univ. of Waterloo (Canada)
Vasudevan Lakshminarayanan, Univ. of Waterloo (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11389:
Micro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems, and Applications XII
Thomas George; M. Saif Islam, Editor(s)

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