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Proceedings Paper

Indoor wayfinding using visible light communication
Author(s): M. Vieira; M. A. Vieira; P. Louro; A. Fantoni; P. Vieira
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Paper Abstract

Optical wireless communication has been widely studied during the last years in short-range applications. This paper investigates the applicability of an intuitive wayfinding system in complex buildings using Visible Light Communication (VLC). Typical scenarios include finding places, like a particular shop or office, guiding users across different floors, through elevators and stairs. Data from the sender is encoded, modulated and converted into light signals emitted by the transmitters. Tetra-chromatic white sources are used providing a different data channel for each chip. At the receiver side, the modulated light signal, containing the ID and the 3D geographical position of the transmitter and wayfinding information, is received by SiC photodetector with light filtering and demultiplexing properties. Since lighting and wireless data communication is combined, each luminaire for downlink transmission become a single cell, in which the optical access point (AP) is located in the ceiling and the mobile users are scattered within the overlap discs of each cells underneath. The light signals emitted by the LEDs are interpreted directly by the receivers of the users positioned underneath. The effect of the location of the Aps is evaluated and a model for the different cellular networks is analyzed. Orthogonal topologies are tested, and a 3D localization design, demonstrated by a prototype implementation, is presented. Uplink transmission is implemented and the 3D best route to navigate through venue calculated. Buddy wayfinding services are also implemented. The results showed that the system make possible to determine the position of a mobile target inside the network, to infer the travel direction along the time and to interact with information received and to optimize the route towards a static or dynamic destination.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 2020
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 11354, Optical Sensing and Detection VI, 1135403 (1 April 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2556124
Show Author Affiliations
M. Vieira, Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa (Portugal)
M. A. Vieira, Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa (Portugal)
P. Louro, Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa (Portugal)
A. Fantoni, Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa (Portugal)
P. Vieira, Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa (Portugal)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11354:
Optical Sensing and Detection VI
Francis Berghmans; Anna G. Mignani, Editor(s)

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