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Preparation of 3D glass ceramic micro-/nanostructures by combining laser nanolithography with calcination (Conference Presentation)

Paper Abstract

Ceramics play an important role in today’s science and industry as it can withstand immense thermal, mechanical, chemical and other hazards. In recent years, the interest in 3D printing micro- or even nano-structures out of ceramics has been growing rapidly. Therefore, direct laser writing by two photon polymerization together with calcination have been proved to be a powerful tool for the fabrication of fully 3D glass-ceramic objects in micro- and nano-scale [1]. However, producing such structures with unique properties at meso scale (features from nm to cm overall size) is one of the greatest challenges [2]. In order to overcome it the composition of the starting materials and as well as conditions of calcination have to be fully understood and enhanced. We synthesized a series of organic-inorganic polymer precursors via sol-gel method varying the molar ratio of silicon (Si) and zirconium (Zr) complexes (Si:Zr, where Si=9; 8; 7; 6; 5 and Zr=1; 2; 3; 4; 5) [3] and investigated 3D processing of these materials. The study shows that the “glassy” phase structures retain their shape without any distortion. Furthermore, calcination provides a route for the continuous size control and formation of a variety of phase transformation for free-form nano-/micro-objects. It is shown that due to the isotropic nature of the shrinkage during calcination fabricated 3D objects retain complex geometry. Nano-woodpiles, bulk-woodpile hybrids and full bulk structures are formed. The sizes of single features in these objects vary from 120 nm to 800 nm with overall size going to 30 µm. Finally, changes in focused ion beam machining rates between standard and calcinated materials are shown proving enhanced resiliency of the final product (up to 50%). [1] Gailevičius, D., et al., Additive-manufacturing of 3D glass-ceramics down to nanoscale resolution. Nanoscale Horiz.; 4, 647-651; (2019) [2] L. Jonusauskas, D. Gailevicius, S. Rekstyte, T. Baldacchini, S. Juodkazis, M. Malinauskas, Mesoscale Laser 3D Printing, Opt. Express 27 (11), 15205-15221 (2019) [3] Ovsianikov, A., et al., Ultra-Low Shrinkage Hybrid Photosensitive Material for Two-Photon Polymerization Microfabrication. ACS Nano; 2(11), 2257-2262; (2008)

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 March 2020
Proc. SPIE 11349, 3D Printed Optics and Additive Photonic Manufacturing II, 113490E (31 March 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2555838
Show Author Affiliations
Greta Merkininkaitė, Femtika UAB (Lithuania)
Vilnius Univ. (Lithuania)
Edvinas Aleksandravičius, Vilnius Univ. (Lithuania)
Darius Gailevicius, Femtika UAB (Lithuania)
Vilnius Univ. (Lithuania)
Simonas Varapnickas, Vilnius Univ. (Lithuania)
Mangirdas Malinauskas, Vilnius Univ. (Lithuania)
Simas Šakirzanovas, Vilnius Univ. (Lithuania)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11349:
3D Printed Optics and Additive Photonic Manufacturing II
Alois M. Herkommer; Georg von Freymann; Manuel Flury, Editor(s)

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