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Proceedings Paper

Novel inorganic scintillating detectors and their applications in small animal irradiators: measurements and Monte Carlo simulations
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Paper Abstract

In the field of radiation therapy, optical fiber dosimeters (OFD) offer several advantages over conventional dosimeters for real-time dosimetry. Their sensing tips can be small in size affording them the potential for high spatial resolution capabilities. In previous work, a novel inorganic scintillating detector (ISD) based on Gadolinium Oxysulfide (gadox) was fabricated for in vivo optical fiber dosimetry of conformal small animal irradiators. The performance of this detector was evaluated for 40 and 80 kVp imaging beams and the 220 kVp therapy beam of the Small Animal Research Platform (SARRP). The purpose of this study was to use a validated Monte Carlo (MC) model of the SARRP to investigate (i) dose absorption in the ISD active volume and (ii) dose perturbation by the inorganic scintillating phosphor volume. A comparison was also drawn between the perturbation by the gadox phosphor and a ZnS-based phosphor. The gadox-based detector was seen to cause high levels of dose perturbation in the radiation field, leaving significant dose shadows in the irradiated media. The use of ZnS:Ag phosphor reduces the perturbations with just over half as much dose absorbed relative to the gadox phosphor. An optimized ISD design which utilizes the higher light yield of the less perturbing ZnS:Ag phosphor to allow for a smaller high-density active volume, and significantly mitigating kV dose perturbation, has been proposed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 2020
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 11354, Optical Sensing and Detection VI, 113540U (1 April 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2555551
Show Author Affiliations
Kevin Byrne, National Univ. of Ireland, Galway (Ireland)
Majed Alharbi, National Univ. of Ireland, Galway (Ireland)
Sinead O'Keeffe, Univ. of Limerick (Ireland)
Christoph Kleefeld, National Univ. of Ireland, Galway (Ireland)
Magdalena Bazalova-Carter, Univ. of Victoria (Canada)
Mark Foley, National Univ. of Ireland, Galway (Ireland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11354:
Optical Sensing and Detection VI
Francis Berghmans; Anna G. Mignani, Editor(s)

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