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Proceedings Paper

Curved microdisplay, from optical design to mechanical study: impact on form-factor and light efficiency in visual systems
Author(s): S. Charrière; P. L. Joly; B. Simon; S. Nicolas; F. Zuber; D. Henry; O. Haeberle
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Paper Abstract

Form-factor and light efficiency are important issues Head-Mounted Displays face, since they both restrict their usage. Improving the form-factor means that for a defined visual stimulus, the system is smaller in volume. The light efficiency issue is linked to power consumption and time of use as well as the device’s ability to deliver, within a specific environment, enough luminance for the virtual image to be seen. This trade-off can also be found in imaging systems and Christophe Gaschet previously explored the optical design of onaxis imaging systems using curved sensors and particularly diopters number reduction thanks to Petzval shaped image plane. However, the behavior of an optical system changes dramatically when the design is off-axis. This paper focuses on demonstrating how using a curved microdisplay helps to improve the form-factor of a HMD system optimized using freeform optical design on a practical example. Curvature can also plays a great role in reducing the losses of light, but this imposes more constraints on the shapes to be given to the microdisplay. We discuss the trade-offs between these two advantages given by curved microdisplays. The mechanical feasibility of curved micro-displays will also be discussed, as well as the process to make a curved microdisplay, which is compatible with current mass-production CMOS displays. For OLED technology, the main resistance to curvature is the silicon substrate. The case for GaN technologies shows other mechanical limitations. We can predict the highest reachable curvature values, depending on microdisplay size and technology.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 March 2020
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 11350, Digital Optics for Immersive Displays II, 1135006 (30 March 2020);
Show Author Affiliations
S. Charrière, Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CEA, LETI/DOPT (France)
Institut de Recherche en Informatique, Mathématiques, Automatique et Signal, Univ. de Haute Alsace (France)
P. L. Joly, Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CEA, LETI/DOPT (France)
B. Simon, Lab. Photonique Numérique et Nanosciences, Institut d'Optique Graduate School, Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS (France)
S. Nicolas, Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CEA, LETI/DOPT (France)
F. Zuber, Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CEA, LETI/DOPT (France)
D. Henry, Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CEA, LETI/DOPT (France)
O. Haeberle, Institut de Recherche en Informatique, Mathématiques, Automatique et Signal, Univ. de Haute Alsace (France)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11350:
Digital Optics for Immersive Displays II
Bernard C. Kress; Christophe Peroz, Editor(s)

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