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Proceedings Paper

Thermal prefunctionalization of SiO2 and SiNx surfaces to influence the etch per cycle in atomic layer etching (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Sumit Agarwal

Paper Abstract

Due to ever decreasing device dimensions and the introduction of 3D device architectures, it is challenging to operate within a narrow processing window using conventional plasma etching. One method to address the demands of the next-generation of devices is atomic layer etching (ALE) which provides high fidelity, selectivity, and directionality, and layer-by-layer removal. Plasma-assisted ALE has been extensively studied for a variety of materials, including Al2O3, HfO2, Si, and Si based dielectrics. Plasma-assisted ALE of SiO2 or SiNx typically uses two sequential steps in a cyclic fashion: CFx deposition from a C4F8/Ar plasma followed by an Ar plasma activation step. However, the surface chemistry during plasma ALE is not well understood. In this study, we used in situ attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR FTIR) spectroscopy and in situ four-wavelength ellipsometry during ALE to monitor the surface reactions, film composition, as well as the net film thickness. Similar to area-selective atomic layer deposition, we show that surface functionalization prior to ALE can be used to alter the etch per cycle. Using this methodology, we will discuss how selective functionalization of SiO2 or SiNx can be used to alter the selectivity during plasma-assisted ALE. Acknowledgement: We would like to acknowledge our collaborators at Lam Research for funding this work.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 March 2020
PDF
Proc. SPIE 11329, Advanced Etch Technology for Nanopatterning IX, 113290F (24 March 2020);
Show Author Affiliations
Sumit Agarwal, Colorado School of Mines (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11329:
Advanced Etch Technology for Nanopatterning IX
Richard S. Wise; Catherine B. Labelle, Editor(s)

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