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Proceedings Paper

Design of a novel MEMS based laser scanning laryngoscope to combine high precision laser cuts with simultaneous MHz OCT and stereo camera feedback
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Paper Abstract

Current laser surgery on vocal chords requires the patient to be under general anaesthesia due to relatively low cutting speed and precision. Even minor surgeries can change vocal properties, requiring lengthy post-operative therapy. To solve this problem and reduce recovery time we propose a laryngoscope capable of performing the surgery while the patient is awake. To realize this, it is necessary for each cut to be made on the shortest time scale with the highest precision possible. It is also important to have high speed feedback to initiate or terminate the cutting process as well as to maintain the proper cutting position. In this laryngoscope we employ a coaxial MHz OCT and laser cutting system with a MEMS galvo scanner combined with a high speed stereo camera set. The MHz OCT is responsible for axial feedback and measuring the depth of cut while the stereo camera set is used to adjust the MEMS scanner for lateral offsets. We have determined the optimal optical layout for the laryngoscope using Zemax and have developed 3D CAD models of the prototype demonstrator prior to fabrication and assembly. This new laryngoscope could make laser cuts up to 50% smaller in width than traditional multimode fiber based cuts, in addition to reducing overall surgery time and increasing the precision of each cut.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 February 2020
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 11213, Imaging, Therapeutics, and Advanced Technology in Head and Neck Surgery and Otolaryngology 2020, 112130J (19 February 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2550806
Show Author Affiliations
James W. Napier, Hochschule Emden-Leer (Germany)
Sontje Ihler, Leibniz Univ. Hannover (Germany)
Max-Heinrich Laves, Leibniz Univ. Hannover (Germany)
Miroslav Zabic, Leibniz Univ. Hannover (Germany)
Alexander Heisterkamp, Leibniz Univ. Hannover (Germany)
Walter Neu, Hochschule Emden-Leer (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11213:
Imaging, Therapeutics, and Advanced Technology in Head and Neck Surgery and Otolaryngology 2020
Brian J. F. Wong M.D.; Justus F. Ilgner M.D., Editor(s)

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