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Proceedings Paper

Pedestrian detection and recognition using lidar for autonomous driving
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Paper Abstract

In order to ensure the safe driving, autonomous vehicles under dynamic environments must accurately identify important targets that may change or move, especially pedestrians. Because the cameras are vulnerable to weather, light and other environmental factors, the real-time and accuracy of target detection and recognition may be poor. In this paper, we propose a method for pedestrian target recognition based on Lidar. It consists of three parts: ground point cloud removal, target object segmentation and pedestrian target recognition. Firstly, due to the huge amount of ground point cloud data, this paper uses a range image based on angle threshold algorithm to rapidly remove ground point cloud. With the mapping relationship between the disordered 3D point cloud and the ordered range image, the ground point cloud is marked and removed by the angle threshold on the range image rather than on the 3D point cloud. The ground point cloud removal is convenient for subsequent target object segmentation and recognition. Secondly, because the traditional clustering segmentation algorithm can not meet the real-time requirement of point cloud segmentation, we use improved Eps parameter DBSCAN algorithm combined with range image to segment point cloud target in this paper. For the problem of non-uniformity of 3D point cloud data density, we improve the setting of Eps parameter. For the undersegmentation between adjacent targets, we consider both Euclidean space distance and the angular distance which can distinguish the adjacent targets well in the space. Finally, considering the sparseness and disorder of the 3D point cloud and the lack of local feature extraction of the traditional PointNet network, a multi-scale feature fusion PointNet network is proposed, which combines the multi-scale local features and global feature of point cloud. The network also uses the spatial information and reflection intensity of Lidar point cloud to complete the pedestrian recognition. The experimental result shows that our proposed method can rapidly remove the ground point cloud and works well in segmentation between adjacent targets. The multi-scale feature fusion PointNet network performances well on 3D point cloud, its Area Under the Curve of ROC value reaches 0.92.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 March 2020
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 11436, 2019 International Conference on Optical Instruments and Technology: Optical Sensors and Applications, 114360R (12 March 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2550057
Show Author Affiliations
Jiao Mao, Chongqing Univ. of Posts and Telecommunications (China)
Guoliang Xu, Chongqing Univ. of Posts and Telecommunications (China)
Wanlin Li, Chongqing Univ. of Posts and Telecommunications (China)
Xiaohui Fan, Chongqing Univ. of Posts and Telecommunications (China)
Jiangtao Luo, Chongqing Univ. of Posts and Telecommunications (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11436:
2019 International Conference on Optical Instruments and Technology: Optical Sensors and Applications
Xuping Zhang; Hai Xiao, Editor(s)

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