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Proceedings Paper

Calibration method of conformal x-ray transmission imaging system based on small ball phantom
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Paper Abstract

Compared to conventional X-ray transmission imaging techniques, imaging systems based on field-emissive cathode based conformal transmission imaging schemes have smaller volumes. This imaging system combines multiple point sources to complete very low dose imaging of the region of interest using a small cone beam, and finally obtain high quality images by image restoration methods. However, more precise system geometry is required by the system architecture of the new imaging scheme and the special image-forming method. If the geometric parameters that are inconsistent with the actual use are used in image restoration, it will cause the geometric distortion in the final restored image. In this work, a proposed geometric calibration applied to the new imaging scheme. First, we use a partial point source on the periphery of the array ray source to project the side ball phantom of the imaged object. Then, a cost function that associates the geometrical parameters with the degree to which the back-projections of the ball phantom in projections from different point sources is constructed. Finally, the particle swarm optimization (PSO) is used for minimizing the cost function, and the resultant value of the cost function is the actual geometric parameter. With this calibration method, transmission imaging and geometric calibration will be done simultaneously. Besides, this calibration method does not depend on a complex calibration phantom and is simple and effective. In addition, the PSO can accelerate the implementation of the algorithm. The effectiveness and accuracy of this calibration method are verified by two sets of simulation experiments.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 March 2020
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 11312, Medical Imaging 2020: Physics of Medical Imaging, 113122B (20 March 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2549887
Show Author Affiliations
Yang Li, Xi'an Jiaotong Univ. (China)
Shaohua Zhi, Xi'an Jiaotong Univ. (China)
Xuanqin Mou, Xi'an Jiaotong Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11312:
Medical Imaging 2020: Physics of Medical Imaging
Guang-Hong Chen; Hilde Bosmans, Editor(s)

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