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Proceedings Paper

High-spatial-resolution Monte Carlo simulations of small-animal x-ray fluorescence tomography
Author(s): Kian Shaker; Jakob C. Larsson; Hans M. Hertz
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Paper Abstract

X-ray fluorescence tomography (XFCT) using nanoparticles (NPs) as contrast agents shows promise for high-spatial- resolution 3D molecular imaging. The technique has been demonstrated experimentally on phantoms as well as in small animals, i.e., mice. Parallel to experimental development, simulations play a key role in investigating the performance of existing and proposed XFCT arrangements. Up until recently, however, realistic simulations of small-animal XFCT have been unavailable due to the lack of appropriate, accurate and accelerated Monte Carlo (MC) based tools.

We have developed the tools necessary to simulate highly realistic small-animal XFCT. Our MC tool, XRFGPU is based on the accelerated open-source MC-GPU and allows simulations with speeds >1000x faster than other existing MC codes capable of similar simulations. Using available high-resolution digital mouse phantoms, we can predict the performance of any XFCT imaging arrangement and produce the realistic data needed for future development of small-animal XFCT. Here we validate the simulations against our laboratory arrangement, capable of 200 μm spatial-resolution XFCT of mice. Comparisons using a phantom confirms that the simulations are accurate. Lastly, we compare simulated images with images acquired in vivo using our laboratory arrangement showing how simulations can be used to enhance the interpretation of experimental data.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 March 2020
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 11312, Medical Imaging 2020: Physics of Medical Imaging, 113121V (16 March 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2549566
Show Author Affiliations
Kian Shaker, KTH Royal Institute of Technology (Sweden)
Jakob C. Larsson, KTH Royal Institute of Technology (Sweden)
Hans M. Hertz, KTH Royal Institute of Technology (Sweden)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11312:
Medical Imaging 2020: Physics of Medical Imaging
Guang-Hong Chen; Hilde Bosmans, Editor(s)

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