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Proceedings Paper

Stopping power map estimation from dual-energy CT using deep convolutional neural network
Author(s): Tonghe Wang; Yang Lei; Joseph Harms; Yingzi Liu; Beth Ghavidel; Liyong Lin; Jonathan J. Beilter; Walter J. Curran; Tian Liu; Jun Zhou; Xiaofeng Yang
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Paper Abstract

By exploiting the energy dependence of photoelectric and Compton interactions, dual-energy CT (DECT) can be used to derive a number of parameters based on physical properties, such as relative stopping power map (RSPM). The accuracy of dual-energy CT (DECT)-derived parametric maps relies on image noise levels and the severity of artifacts. Suboptimal image quality may degrade the accuracy of physics-based mapping techniques and affect subsequent processing for clinical applications. In this study, we propose a deep-learning-based method to accurately generate relative stopping power map (RSPM) based on the virtual monoenergetic images as an alternative to physics-based dual-energy approaches. For the training target of our deep-learning model, we manually segmented head-and-neck DECT images into brain, bone, fat, soft-tissue, lung and air, and then assigned different RSP values into the corresponding tissue types to generate a reference RSPM. We proposed to integrate a residual block concept into a cycle-consistent generative adversarial network (cycleGAN) framework to learn the nonlinear mapping between DECT 70keV/140keV monoenergetic image pairs and reference RSPM. We evaluated the proposed method with 18 head-and-neck cancer patients. Mean absolute error (MAE) and mean error (ME) were used to quantify the differences between the generated and reference RSPM. The average MAE between generated and reference RSPM was 3.1±0.4 % and the average ME was 1.5±0.5 % for all patients. Compared to the physics-based method, the proposed method could significantly improve RSPM accuracy and had comparable computational efficiency after training.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 March 2020
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 11312, Medical Imaging 2020: Physics of Medical Imaging, 113124M (16 March 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2549357
Show Author Affiliations
Tonghe Wang, Emory Univ. (United States)
Yang Lei, Emory Univ. (United States)
Joseph Harms, Emory Univ. (United States)
Yingzi Liu, Emory Univ. (United States)
Beth Ghavidel, Emory Univ. (United States)
Liyong Lin, Emory Univ. (United States)
Jonathan J. Beilter, Emory Univ. (United States)
Walter J. Curran, Emory Univ. (United States)
Tian Liu, Emory Univ. (United States)
Jun Zhou, Emory Univ. (United States)
Xiaofeng Yang, Emory Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11312:
Medical Imaging 2020: Physics of Medical Imaging
Guang-Hong Chen; Hilde Bosmans, Editor(s)

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