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Proceedings Paper

New Fourier CGH coding using DMD generated masks
Author(s): Frederic Zamkotsian; Giorgio Pariani; Patrick Lanzoni; Luca Oggioni; Chiara Bertarelli; Andrea Bianco
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Paper Abstract

Computer Generated Holograms (CGHs) are powerful optical elements used in many fields, such as wavefront shaping, quality testing of complex optics and anti-counterfeiting devices. Lee algorithm is the most used to generate binary amplitude Fourier holograms. Grayscale CGHs are known to give a higher reconstruction quality than binary holograms, but they usually require a cumbersome production process. A very simple and straightforward method of manufacturing rewritable grayscale CGHs is here proposed by taking advantage of two key components: a Digital Micro-mirror Device (DMDs) and a photochromic plate. An innovative algorithm, named Island algorithm, able to generate grayscale amplitude Fourier CGHs, is reported and compared with the standard Lee approach, based on 9 levels. A crucial advantage lies on the fact that the increase or decrease of the quantification does not affect the spatial resolution. In other words, the new coding leads to a higher spatial resolution (for a given CGH size) and a reconstructed image with an order of magnitude higher contrast with respect to the classical Lee-coded hologram. In order to show the large potential of our approach, a 201 levels Island hologram is designed, produced and reconstructed, pushing the contrast to values higher than 10^4. These results reveal the high potential of our process as well as our algorithm for generating programmable grayscale CGHs. Grayscale objects are also studied in order to be produced with our new coding scheme: simulations show a much better reconstruction (resolution, fidelity, contrast) thanks to the quantification of the transparency than the Lee algorithm commonly used.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 February 2020
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 11294, Emerging Digital Micromirror Device Based Systems and Applications XII, 112940D (28 February 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2547970
Show Author Affiliations
Frederic Zamkotsian, Aix Marseille Univ., CNRS, CNES, Lab. d'Astrophysique de Marseille (France)
Giorgio Pariani, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera (Italy)
Patrick Lanzoni, Aix Marseille Univ., CNRS, CNES, Lab. d'Astrophysique de Marseille (France)
Luca Oggioni, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera (Italy)
Chiara Bertarelli, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Andrea Bianco, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11294:
Emerging Digital Micromirror Device Based Systems and Applications XII
John Ehmke; Benjamin L. Lee, Editor(s)

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