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Proceedings Paper

Effects of quantum confinement on optical properties of InN/GaN quantum dots
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Paper Abstract

Quantum dot (QD) confine charge carriers which results in strongly localized wave functions (WF), discrete energy eigen values and remarkable physical and novel device properties. In this paper, three-dimensional confinement regions of InN are obtained on a wetting layer (WL) in a GaN semiconducting matrix. Different structures are approximated with the influence of WL. The main objectives are: 1) To study the electronic states of single QD structure with WL and the role of their size and shape in determining the WFs and their eigen energies. 2) To study the interaction of neighboring QDs and their properties of WFs. One band Schrödinger equation in the effective mass approximation is used to compute the electronic states of QDs. Envelope function approximation with BenDaniel-Duke boundary condition is used in combination to Schrödinger equation for the calculation of eigen energies. Eigen energies are solved for the quasi-bound states using an eigenvalue study. The transfer matrix method is used to study the quantum tunneling of InN WFs, which is a direct bandgap material, through neighbor barriers of GaN material. Varying the QD radius (1nm to 8 nm) decreases the ground state energy of three structures of QD. WL thickness is increased from 0.5 nm to 3 nm which results in decrease of the eigen energies. Quasi bound state, transmission coefficient and reflection coefficient for the conical QD system are simulated. Changing the barrier width (1 nm to 3 nm) promotes higher probability of electron WF to pass through barriers. Absorption coefficient calculated for the system is 105 μm-1.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 December 2019
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 11336, AOPC 2019: Nanophotonics, 113360I (18 December 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2547677
Show Author Affiliations
Deborah Eric, Beijing Institute of Technology (China)
Jianliang Jiang, Beijing Institute of Technology (China)
Ali Imran, Peking Univ. (China)
Muhammad Noaman Zahid, Beijing Institute of Technology (China)
Abbas Ahmad Khan, Beijing Institute of Technology (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11336:
AOPC 2019: Nanophotonics
Zhiping Zhou; Xiao-Cong Yuan; Daoxin Dai, Editor(s)

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