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Proceedings Paper

A novel method for direct measurement of optical fluence of focused laser energy in ex-vivo skin
Author(s): Rajender Katkam; Tania To; Matthew L. Hibert; Patrick Shaughnessy; Irina Erenburg; Lewis Levine; Jayant Bhawalkar
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Paper Abstract

Optimization of laser-based therapeutic devices in dermatology requires a knowledge of the distribution of laser fluence at different depths in skin. This distribution is particularly difficult to estimate or measure when the laser is focused into skin, due to high scattering and strong aberrations. An inaccurate estimation of the fluence at the target depth may result in adverse events or a lack of the desired therapeutic outcome. Estimates of fluence distribution in tissue from Monte Carlo simulations are only as good as the assumed geometrical model of skin and the choice of scattering and absorption coefficients, which vary widely in literature. Here we present a novel technique for directly measuring the spatial distribution of fluence in skin under a focused laser beam. A commercial grade CMOS camera was modified to allow tissue to be placed in direct contact with its sensor. Fluence distribution was measured from captured images followed by simple post processing. The thickness of skin samples was measured using OCT before mounting on the sensor. With a 0.5NA lens and a pulsed 1064nm laser focused through murine skin samples of different thickness, the fluence distribution was mapped as a function of thickness. The spread of energy was substantially larger than the diffraction limited spot that would be expected in the absence of scattering and aberrations. The measurements agree well with transmitted energy measured through tissue using a pinhole mounted on an integrating sphere. The experimental results are compared with Monte Carlo simulations and limitations of the simulation are also discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 February 2020
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 11211, Photonics in Dermatology and Plastic Surgery 2020, 112110M (19 February 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2546750
Show Author Affiliations
Rajender Katkam, Avava Medical (United States)
Tania To, Avava Medical (United States)
Matthew L. Hibert, Avava Medical (United States)
Patrick Shaughnessy, Avava Medical (United States)
Irina Erenburg, Avava Medical (United States)
Lewis Levine, Avava Medical (United States)
Jayant Bhawalkar, Avava Medical (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11211:
Photonics in Dermatology and Plastic Surgery 2020
Bernard Choi; Haishan Zeng, Editor(s)

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