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Proceedings Paper

Evaluation of the effects of field-of-view in augmented reality for marine navigation
Author(s): Thomas Butkiewicz; Andrew H. Stevens
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Paper Abstract

Augmented reality (AR) has potential for increasing safety in marine navigation, but current-generation AR devices have significantly limited field-of-view, which could make them impractical for such usage. We developed a virtual reality ship simulator that displays AR navigation overlays across variable fields-of-view. This paper presents a human factors study, in which participants (including experienced boaters) piloted a virtual vessel while navigating using combinations of a traditional electronic chart display and AR overlays presented at various fields-of-view. Eye movements were tracked to discover how AR and restricted fields-of-view effect navigational target finding, safety, and situational awareness. The results indicate that AR provides significant benefits that can promote safer marine navigation, and that the field-of-view of an AR device has some significant and predictable effects on its usefulness for navigational tasks. Increasing field-ofview capabilities in future AR hardware is expected to improve AR’s usefulness for marine navigational tasks, however, this research shows that current-generation AR hardware (such as HoloLens 2) may already be suitable for this application, as most of the significant benefits were gained by providing AR overlays regardless of their field-of-view.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 February 2020
PDF: 16 pages
Proc. SPIE 11310, Optical Architectures for Displays and Sensing in Augmented, Virtual, and Mixed Reality (AR, VR, MR), 113100E (19 February 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2546605
Show Author Affiliations
Thomas Butkiewicz, The Univ. of New Hampshire (United States)
Andrew H. Stevens, The Univ. of New Hampshire (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11310:
Optical Architectures for Displays and Sensing in Augmented, Virtual, and Mixed Reality (AR, VR, MR)
Bernard C. Kress; Christophe Peroz, Editor(s)

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