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Proceedings Paper

Resolution enhancement of THz imaging based on Fourier-space spectrum detection
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Paper Abstract

Traditional imaging systems including microscopes depend on the generation of real images to be recorded by the sensor element, which is only sensitive to the intensity and not the phase. The object distance, which is crucial for the spatial resolution of the system, therefore is restricted to be larger than the focal length of the objective lens. This leads to a limitation of the achievable lateral, diffraction-limited spatial resolution. In order to reach a resolution enhancement with the same system components, we explore – in the sub-THz frequency regime – heterodyne detection of the scene’s complex-valued spatial Fourier spectrum in the image-sided focal plane of the optical system. The existence of the Fourier spectrum is independent of the object distance. The measured complex-valued field distribution enables a numerical back-propagation to any place in the object-sided free space from which radiation has reached the detector. Heterodyne Fourier imaging hence enables 3D imaging and – the relevant theme here – it lifts the restriction of the imaging distance. This enables object distances smaller than the focal length of the objective lens and, with it, an enhanced diffraction-limited spatial resolution. In the experiments presented here, the heterodyne data acquisition of the 0.3-THz continuous wave radiation employs Si CMOS TeraFET detectors, i.e., THz sensors based on antenna-coupled field-effect transistors which have been developed in our laboratory. First imaging results show an enhancement of the maximal resolution by a factor of 1.4 for the specific measurement conditions of our experiments, with considerable room for improvement.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 March 2020
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 11279, Terahertz, RF, Millimeter, and Submillimeter-Wave Technology and Applications XIII, 1127918 (2 March 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2546541
Show Author Affiliations
Hui Yuan, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Univ. Frankfurt am Main (Germany)
Alvydas Lisauskas, Vilnius Univ. (Lithuania)
Institute of High Pressure Physics (Poland)
Min Wan, Univ. College Dublin (Ireland)
John T. Sheridan, Univ. College Dublin (Ireland)
Hartmut G. Roskos, Goethe-Univ. Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11279:
Terahertz, RF, Millimeter, and Submillimeter-Wave Technology and Applications XIII
Laurence P. Sadwick; Tianxin Yang, Editor(s)

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