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Proceedings Paper

Characterization of photoablation versus incidence angle in soft tissue laser surgery: an experimental phantom study
Author(s): Guangshen Ma; Weston Ross; Matthew Tucker; Patrick Codd M.D.
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Paper Abstract

The removal of tissue with a laser scalpel is a complex process that is affected by the laser incidence angle on the surface of the tissue. Current models of laser ablation, however, do not account for the angle of incidence, assuming that it is always normal to the surface. In order to improve ablation modeling in soft tissue, this work characterizes photoablation crater profiles at incidence angles ranging from 0 degrees to 45 degrees off perpendicular. Simulated results, based on a discretized steady-state ablation model, are generated for comparison based on the assumption that material removal occurs in the direction of the laser. Experiments in an agarose-based, homogeneous soft tissue phantom are performed with a carbon dioxide (CO2) laser. Surface profiles of the craters are acquired using a micro x-ray computed tomography scanner (Micro-CT) and compared to results from the simulation. The difference of the simulated and experimental results are measured and the error analysis is reported.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 February 2020
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 11238, Optical Interactions with Tissue and Cells XXXI, 112380G (20 February 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2546229
Show Author Affiliations
Guangshen Ma, Duke Univ. (United States)
Weston Ross, Duke Univ. (United States)
Matthew Tucker, Duke Univ. (United States)
Patrick Codd M.D., Duke Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11238:
Optical Interactions with Tissue and Cells XXXI
Bennett L. Ibey; Norbert Linz, Editor(s)

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