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Proceedings Paper

Copper welding applications with a 2 kW cw laser in the green wavelength regime
Author(s): Eva-Maria Dold; Elke Kaiser; Sebastian Pricking; Alexander Killi; Florian Kiefer; Stefanie Bisch; Sebastian Zaske; Frank Baumann; Rüdiger Brockmann
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Paper Abstract

We report on industrial high-power lasers in the green wavelength regime. By means of a thin disk oscillator and a resonator-internal nonlinear crystal for second harmonic generation we provide 2000 W continuous-wave laser radiation at a wavelength of 515 nm, transported by a fiber with a 150 µm core diameter and NA 0.1. Application tests show that this laser is perfectly suited for copper welding due to the superior absorption of the green wavelength compared to IR, which allows the production of spatter-free weld spots and seams with an unprecedented reproducibility in diameter and welding depth. Now with 2 kW available power in the green, the welding performance for high quality welds can be increased compared to the already available 1 kW green laser system. The higher power leads to a larger melt volume and higher process efficiency. It is also possible to weld other materials with high quality results, for example stainless steel or aluminum. A particular advantage compared to the common IR lasers is the ability of the green laser for heat conduction mode because of the higher absorption. But due to the high beam quality also high-quality deep penetration welding is applicable, with the comfort to use scanner optics with a big field of work. This offers a whole range of new applications, e.g. remotedeburring of copper parts or producing a shiny copper surface by using shielding gas in addition. A further significant benefit of the green wavelength is that the surface condition does not influence the welding process, which allows to skip many expensive preprocessing steps such as tin-coating. Especially for e-mobility tasks the green 2 kW laser source is a suitable option for increasing productivity and quality: One example are copper foil stacks for battery production, which can be welded with higher speed and reduced spatter formation without ultrasonic pre-welding.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 March 2020
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 11273, High-Power Laser Materials Processing: Applications, Diagnostics, and Systems IX, 112730D (2 March 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2546164
Show Author Affiliations
Eva-Maria Dold, TRUMPF Laser GmbH (Germany)
Elke Kaiser, TRUMPF Laser GmbH (Germany)
Sebastian Pricking, TRUMPF Laser GmbH (Germany)
Alexander Killi, TRUMPF Laser GmbH (Germany)
Florian Kiefer, TRUMPF Laser Technology Ctr. (United States)
Stefanie Bisch, TRUMPF Laser- und Systemtechnik GmbH (Germany)
Sebastian Zaske, TRUMPF Laser- und Systemtechnik GmbH (Germany)
Frank Baumann, TRUMPF Laser- und Systemtechnik GmbH (Germany)
Rüdiger Brockmann, TRUMPF Laser- und Systemtechnik GmbH (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11273:
High-Power Laser Materials Processing: Applications, Diagnostics, and Systems IX
Stefan Kaierle; Stefan W. Heinemann, Editor(s)

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