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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

Downscaling land surface temperature on multi-scale image for drought monitoring

Paper Abstract

Land Surface Temperature (LST) is an important indicator of environment changes, especially related drought monitoring. It is necessary to accurately detect drought events using advanced technology proved information regarding the drought areas. Remote sensing images have proven to be efficient in detecting drought events. MODIS Terra and Landsat 7 ETM+ (Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus) and Landsat 8 OLI/TIRS (The Operational Land Imager and the Thermal Infrared Scanner) represent remote imaging images with different spatial resolutions that enable us proved drought information. However, proper methods are needed to optimize these images for monitoring drought events. The purpose of this study is to find out the ability of multi-scale images proved information about drought monitoring using LST methods. The method used in LST is Temperature Condition Index (TCI), Crop Water Stress Index (CWSI), and Principal Component Analysis (PCA). All three equations are selected because they represent a modification of the method for LST input. The results suggest that the three equations used in multi-level imagery have a critical alignment of information regarding drought. The results show that drought pattern identified by MODIS Terra image was similar to the one detected by Landsat ETM+ and OLI/TIRS images. However, we found a temperature difference in dry season (especially in October) between Landsat ETM+ and OLI/TIRS. The degree of LST estimation accuracy between MODIS Terra and Landsat (ETM+ and OLI/TIRS) is indicated by the average difference between the results of those images, which was 1 degree Celsius (1°C). The use of these three equations for drought monitoring with multi-level imagery suggests that there is a positive relationship. This relationship manifests the same pattern, shape, and association that are produced, thus using a common equation for drought monitoring is more focused.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 November 2019
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 11311, Sixth Geoinformation Science Symposium, 113110A (21 November 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2544550
Show Author Affiliations
A. Sediyo Adi Nugraha, Univ. Gadjah Mada (Indonesia)
Univ. Pendidikan Ganesha (Indonesia)
Totok Gunawan, Univ. Gadjah Mada (Indonesia)
Muhammad Kamal, Univ. Gadjah Mada (Indonesia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11311:
Sixth Geoinformation Science Symposium
Sandy Budi Wibowo; Andi B. Rimba; Stuart Phinn; Ammar A. Aziz; Josaphat Tetuko Sri Sumantyo; Hasti Widyasamratri; Sanjiwana Arjasakusuma, Editor(s)

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