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Proceedings Paper

Enhanced modal interference in negative curvature fiber for sensing applications
Author(s): Charu Goel; Jichao Zang; Seongwoo Yoo
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Paper Abstract

We report a novel method to enhance the modal interference pattern in an anti-resonant negative curvature hollow-core fiber (NCHCF), enabling in-fiber multimodal interferometer in a short (few mm) length. The enhanced interference provides well defined fringes suitable for sensing; and their application for mechanical sensing is demonstrated. An 8 mm length of NCHCF was exposed to periodic arcs from a conventional splicer, leading to periodic modulation of fiber parameters along the length of the fiber. This periodic modulation alters the interaction between interfering modal fields, causing enhanced modal overlap and a four-fold increase in the intensity variation of the interference pattern. The enhanced interference dips are observed to be sensitive, with a linear response, to external mechanical forces like curvature, while being insensitive to thermal crosstalk by virtue of the hollow core design.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 March 2020
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 11276, Optical Components and Materials XVII, 1127611 (3 March 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2544498
Show Author Affiliations
Charu Goel, Nanyang Technological Univ. (Singapore)
Jichao Zang, Nanyang Technological Univ. (Singapore)
Seongwoo Yoo, Nanyang Technological Univ. (Singapore)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11276:
Optical Components and Materials XVII
Shibin Jiang; Michel J. F. Digonnet, Editor(s)

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