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Proceedings Paper

16×16 silicon photonic AWGR for dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) O-band interconnects
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Paper Abstract

The rapid increase of bandwidth requirements across the entire hierarchy of Data Center (DC) networks, ranging from chip-to-chip, board-to-board up to rack-to-rack communications, puts strenuous requirements in the underlying network infrastructure that has to offer high-bandwidth and low-latency interconnection under a low-energy and low-cost envelope. Arrayed Waveguide Grating Router (AWGR)-based optical interconnections have emerged as a powerful architectural framework that can overcome the currently deployed electrical interconnect bottlenecks leveraging the wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) and the cyclic routing properties of AWGRs to offer one-hop, all-to-all communication when employed as N×N routers. However, the majority of previous silicon (Si)-based integrated AWGR demonstrations has either targeted C-band operation, despite the dominance of the O-band spectral region in the DC interconnection domain, or offered coarse-WDM (CWDM) functionality and, as such, were limited in terms of AWGR port count. In this article, we present for the first time to our knowledge, a Dense-WDM (DWDM) 16×16 Si-photonic cyclic-frequency AWGR device targeting O-band routing applications. The fabricated AWGR device features a channel spacing of 1.063 nm (189 GHz), a free spectral range of 17.8 nm (3.15 THz) and a 3-dB bandwidth of 0.655 nm (116 GHz). Its proper cyclic frequency operation was experimentally verified for all 16 channels with channel peak insertion loss values in the range of 3.9 dB to 8.37 dB, yielding a channel loss non-uniformity of 4.47 dB. Its compact footprint of 0.27×0.71 mm2 and low crosstalk of 21.65 dB highlight its potential for employment in future AWGR-based interconnection schemes.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 February 2020
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 11285, Silicon Photonics XV, 112850F (26 February 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2543749
Show Author Affiliations
K. Fotiadis, Aristotle Univ. of Thessaloniki (Greece)
S. Pitris, Aristotle Univ. of Thessaloniki (Greece)
M. Moralis-Pegios, Aristotle Univ. of Thessaloniki (Greece)
C. Mitsolidou, Aristotle Univ. of Thessaloniki (Greece)
P. De Heyn, imec (Belgium)
J. Van Campenhout, imec (Belgium)
T. Alexoudi, Aristotle Univ. of Thessaloniki (Greece)
N. Pleros, Aristotle Univ. of Thessaloniki (Greece)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11285:
Silicon Photonics XV
Graham T. Reed; Andrew P. Knights, Editor(s)

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