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1THz one-sided directional slot antenna on a chip connected with InAs HEMT
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Paper Abstract

Terahertz (THz) range holds between infrared light and millimeter wave or microwave radiation. Moreover, THz waves is highly attenuated by the metal object or sensitive to an inter-molecular binding force. Therefore, imaging using THz range is attracted much attention for security, manufacturing, chemical imaging, and so on. In our research, the THz detector composed of Indium arsenide (InAs) high electron mobility transistor (HEMT) and one-sided directional slot antenna on a chip will be developed. In this paper, we focused on the antenna on a chip. The proposed antenna has three layers, namely, top antenna metal, dielectric substrate (BCB, benzocyclobutene) and bottom floating metal layer. There are a coplanar (CPW) feed lines and slots on the top antenna metal. By optimizing the size of the bottom floating metal layer, the radiation toward the back side is suppressed. The CPW feed line is connected the gate electrode on the InAs HEMT. In order to maximize the receiving THz signal form the antenna to InAs HEMT, antenna and gate input impedance is characterized by using the 3D electromagnetic simulator. It has been found that when the input impedance of the gate electrode changes from 10 ohms to 50 ohms, the voltage generated at the gate electrodes is tripled. The antenna was fabricated by the conventional photolithography process. The size of the radiation metal is 290 μm x 210 μm on the top metal with probe pads. The measured antenna gain is 5.57 dBi at 0.93 THz compared with the 5.96 dBi antenna gain at 1 THz from the simulation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 March 2020
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 11279, Terahertz, RF, Millimeter, and Submillimeter-Wave Technology and Applications XIII, 1127904 (2 March 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2543439
Show Author Affiliations
Haruichi Kanaya, Kyushu Univ. (Japan)
Ryo Takigawa, Kyushu Univ. (Japan)
Kohei Tasaki, Kyushu Univ. (Japan)
Kazutoshi Kato, Kyushu Univ. (Japan)
Tanemasa Asano, Kyushu Univ. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11279:
Terahertz, RF, Millimeter, and Submillimeter-Wave Technology and Applications XIII
Laurence P. Sadwick; Tianxin Yang, Editor(s)

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