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Proceedings Paper

Trajectory redesign within a complex intersection for VLC ready connected cars
Author(s): M. A. Vieira; M. Vieira; P. Louro; P. Vieira
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Paper Abstract

In order to serve the changing needs of road traffic control, the road space and road structure surrounding an intersection have evolved into complex forms. Using a new concept of request/response in a two-way-to-way traffic light controlled crossroad, the redesign of the trajectories can be accomplished by the application of methods for navigation, guidance and combination of expert knowledge of vehicle road traffic control. In this work, the communication between the Infrastructures and the Vehicles (I2V), between vehicles (V2V) and from the Vehicles to the Infrastructures (V2I) is performed through Visible Light Communication (VLC), using the street lamps and the traffic signaling to broadcast the information. Vehicle headlamps are used to transmit data to other vehicles or infrastructures, allowing digital safety and data privacy. Data is encoded, modulated and converted into light signals emitted by the transmitters. Tetra-chromatic white sources are used, providing a different data channel for each chip. As receivers and decoders, SiC Wavelength Division Multiplexer (WDM) devices, with light filtering properties, are considered. The primary objective is to control the arrival of vehicles to an intersection and schedule them to cross at times that minimize traffic delay. A further objective is to allocate delays between left-turns and forward movements, moderating the speed and slot between vehicles travelling in these directions, maintaining a safe distance from one to another. Pedestrians and bicycles are also incorporated. An I2V2V2I traffic scenario is proposed, and bidirectional communication between the infrastructure and the vehicles is tested, using the VLC request/response concept. A phasing traffic flow is developed as a proof of concept. The experimental results confirm the cooperative VLC architecture, showing that communication between connected cars and infrastructures can be optimized using the mentioned request/response concept. A significant increase in traffic throughput with the least dependency on infrastructure is achieved.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 January 2020
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 11309, Next-Generation Optical Communication: Components, Sub-Systems, and Systems IX, 113090O (31 January 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2543065
Show Author Affiliations
M. A. Vieira, ISEL/IPL (Portugal)
CTS-UNINOVA (Portugal)
M. Vieira, ISEL/IPL (Portugal)
CTS-UNINOVA (Portugal)
DEE-FCT-UNL (Portugal)
P. Louro, ISEL/IPL (Portugal)
CTS-UNINOVA (Portugal)
P. Vieira, ISEL/IPL (Portugal)
Instituto de Telecomunicações (Portugal)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11309:
Next-Generation Optical Communication: Components, Sub-Systems, and Systems IX
Guifang Li; Xiang Zhou, Editor(s)

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