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Proceedings Paper

Metallic fractures assessments: OCT versus SEM
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Paper Abstract

Metals can break either in a ductile or brittle manner if a static or dynamic load is applied to the same material. This depends on a variety of factors, such as the manner in which the load is applied, the shape of the mechanical part, the operating conditions, the nature and structure of the metallic material, and the working temperature. If subjected to variable loads, metallic materials break due to what is called fatigue. The microscopic analysis of fracture surfaces is currently carried out by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). We have proposed, for the first time to our knowledge, a new method to analyze fracture surfaces, using a low coherence interferometry technique, Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) [Gh. Hutiu, V.-F. Duma, et al., Surface imaging of metallic material fractures using optical coherence tomography, Appl. Opt. 53, 5912-5916 (2014); Gh. Hutiu, V.-F. Duma, et al., Assessment of ductile, brittle, and fatigue fractures of metals using optical coherence tomography, Metals 8, 117 (2018)]. The present paper presents the way we have demonstrated that OCT can replace the gold standard in such assessments, i.e. SEM, despite the fact that OCT has a resolution of 20 to 4 μm (in our investigations), while the SEM we employed has a 4 to 2 nm resolution. A few examples are given in this respect–for different types of fractures. The advantages of OCT versus SEM are discussed. This development opens the way for in situ investigations, for example in forensic sciences, where OCT can be applied (including with handheld scanning probes. as we have developed). In contrast, SEM, TEM, and AFM are lab-based techniques, more expensive, and they require trained operators.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 December 2019
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 11385, Optics and Measurement International Conference 2019, 1138507 (30 December 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2542917
Show Author Affiliations
Gheorghe Hutiu, Univ. "Aurel Vlaicu" din Arad (Romania)
Virgil-Florin Duma, Univ. "Aurel Vlaicu" din Arad (Romania)
Dorin Demian, Univ. "Aurel Vlaicu" din Arad (Romania)
Alexandru-Lucian Dimb, Polytechnic Univ. of Timisoara (Romania)
Ralph-Alexandru Erdelyi, Polytechnic Univ. of Timisoara (Romania)
Adrian Bradu, Univ. of Kent (United Kingdom)
Adrian Podoleanu, Univ. of Kent (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11385:
Optics and Measurement International Conference 2019
Jana Kovačičinová, Editor(s)

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