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Proceedings Paper

Wavelength-multiplexed multifocal displays
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Paper Abstract

Due to the degenerate spectral response of the human vision system, different sets of primary colors can cover the same color space. Thus, we propose to generate multiple focal planes in head-mounted displays to mitigate the vergence accommodation conflict (VAC) through wavelength multiplexing, making use of another dimension of light as the information channel for cascading 2D images to 3D scenes.

Conventional approaches based on space- or time- multiplexing can provide multifocal functionality but with a significant sacrifice in resolution or frame rate. As a novel alternative, polarization multiplexed methods can avoid these drawbacks, but they can only achieve two focal depths since there are only two orthogonal polarization states. The wavelength multiplexing proposed here is intrinsically free from all the limitations mentioned above.

Firstly, as a proof of concept, we built a dual-focal near-eye display using off-the-shelf optical components. The prototype is designed based on a birdbath architecture with an extra spectral notch filter as the wavelength-sensitive depth separation element. The optical powers for the two wavelength sets are determined by the distance between the reflector and notch filter. Our benchtop demo can generate two focal depths simultaneously, which are located at 1 m and 2 m away from the optical combiner.

Moreover, another compact optical design of a wavelength-multiplexed dual-focus light engine for lightguide type AR displays is also presented. Also, we analyze the implementation of full-color operation and demonstrate an angle insensitive multi-notch filter design based on optical multi-layer coatings. Finally, we discuss practical limitations and potential improvement of the proposed wavelength multiplexing method for overcoming the VAC issue.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 February 2020
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 11304, Advances in Display Technologies X, 1130408 (26 February 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2542861
Show Author Affiliations
Tao Zhan, CREOL, The College of Optics and Photonics, Univ. of Central Florida (United States)
Junyu Zou, CREOL, The College of Optics and Photonics, Univ. of Central Florida (United States)
Matthew Lu, CREOL, The College of Optics and Photonics, Univ. of Central Florida (United States)
Enguo Chen, CREOL, The College of Optics and Photonics, Univ. of Central Florida (United States)
Fuzhou Univ. (United States)
Shin-Tson Wu, CREOL, The College of Optics and Photonics, Univ. of Central Florida (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11304:
Advances in Display Technologies X
Jiun-Haw Lee; Qiong-Hua Wang; Tae-Hoon Yoon, Editor(s)

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