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Proceedings Paper

Proposing rapid source pulsing for improved super-resolution in digital breast tomosynthesis
Author(s): Raymond J. Acciavatti; Trevor L. Vent; Bruno Barufaldi; E. Paul Wileyto; Peter B. Noël; Andrew D. A. Maidment
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Paper Abstract

Our previous work showed that digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) systems are capable of super-resolution, or subpixel resolution relative to the detector. Using a bar pattern phantom, it is possible to demonstrate that there are anisotropies in super-resolution throughout the reconstruction. These anisotropies are lessened in acquisition geometries with narrow spacing between source positions. This paper demonstrates that by re-arranging the source positions in the scan, the anisotropies can be minimized even further. To this end, a theoretical model of the reconstruction of a high-frequency sinusoidal test object was developed from first principles. We modeled the effect of clustering additional source positions around each conventional source position in fine increments (submillimeter). This design can be implemented by rapidly pulsing the source during a continuous sweep of the x-ray tube. It is shown that it is not possible to eliminate the anisotropies in a conventional DBT system with uniformly-spaced source positions, even if the increments of spacing are narrower than those used clinically. However, super-resolution can be achieved everywhere if the source positions are re-arranged in clusters with submillimeter spacing. Our previous work investigated a different approach for optimizing super-resolution through the use of detector motion perpendicular to the breast support. The advantage of introducing rapid source pulsing is that detector motion is no longer required; this mitigates the need for a thick detector housing, which may be cumbersome for patient positioning.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 March 2020
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 11312, Medical Imaging 2020: Physics of Medical Imaging, 113125G (16 March 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2542551
Show Author Affiliations
Raymond J. Acciavatti, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Trevor L. Vent, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Bruno Barufaldi, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
E. Paul Wileyto, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Peter B. Noël, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Andrew D. A. Maidment, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11312:
Medical Imaging 2020: Physics of Medical Imaging
Guang-Hong Chen; Hilde Bosmans, Editor(s)

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