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Proceedings Paper

All-optically triggerable organic/inorganic photonic devices
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Paper Abstract

Optical resonant cavities form the foundation for a wide range of integrated optical components. While a high performance laser requires a high quality factor (Q) cavity, other types of devices, like modulators, rely on the cavity resonant wavelength being tunable. Numerous mechanisms based on the thermo-optic and electro-optic effects have been leveraged to create switchable or tunable devices; however, these are very power hungry and/or require complex control machinery. In the present work, we graft an air-stable, optically triggerable functional group to the surface of an ultra-high-Q optical cavity. The Aazobenzene functional group switches from trans to cis upon exposure to blue light, and it can be thermally triggered to revert to the initial trans state. Using a single tapered optical fiber waveguide, blue and near-IR light can be coupled into the device simultaneously. When the blue light interacts with the Aazo group, the resonant wavelength blue shifts. Upon exposure to a CO2 laser, the resonant wavelength returns to its initial position. Several different aspects of the device operation were investigated, including the kinetics of the switching, the effect of switching via a resonant or non-resonant optical field, and sterics of the switching. Notably, by tuning the surface density of the Aazo groups using a multi-material surface chemistry, it is possible to control the magnitude of the shift.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 March 2020
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 11266, Laser Resonators, Microresonators, and Beam Control XXII, 112660J (2 March 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2542462
Show Author Affiliations
Andrea M. Armani, Univ. of Southern California (United States)
Jinghan He, Univ. of Southern California (United States)
Andre Kovach, Univ. of Southern California (United States)
Patrick Saris, Univ. of Southern California (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11266:
Laser Resonators, Microresonators, and Beam Control XXII
Alexis V. Kudryashov; Alan H. Paxton; Vladimir S. Ilchenko; Andrea M. Armani, Editor(s)

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