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Proceedings Paper

Test materials for characterising heating from HIFU devices using photoacoustic thermometry
Author(s): Marina Bakaric; Bajram Zeqiri; Benjamin T. Cox; Bradley E. Treeby
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Paper Abstract

High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a non-invasive thermal therapy during which a focused ultrasound beam is used to destroy cells within a confined volume of tissue. Due to its increased use and advancements in treatment delivery, various numerical models are being developed for use in treatment planning software. In order to validate these models, as well as to perform routine quality checks and transducer characterisation, a temperature monitoring technique capable of accurately mapping the temperature rise induced is necessary. Photoacoustic thermometry is a rapidly emerging technique for non-invasive temperature monitoring, where the temperature dependence of the Gruneisen parameter leads to changes in the recorded photoacoustic signal amplitude with temperature. In order to use this technique to assess heating induced by HIFU in a metrology setting, a suitable test material must first be selected that exhibits an increase in the generated photoacoustic signal with temperature. In this study, the temperature dependence of the photoacoustic conversion efficiency (μaΓ) of several tissue-mimicking materials was measured for temperatures between 22 °C and 50 °C. Materials included were agar-based phantoms, copolymer-in-oil, gel wax, PVA cryogels, PVCP and silicone. This information provided a basis for the development of a volumetric phantom, which was sonicated in a proof-of-concept integrated photoacoustic thermometry system for monitoring of HIFU-induced heating. The results show the suitability of agar-based phantoms and photoacoustic thermometry to image the 3D heat distribution generated by a HIFU transducer.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 February 2020
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 11240, Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2020, 112401D (28 February 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2542429
Show Author Affiliations
Marina Bakaric, Univ. College London (United Kingdom)
Bajram Zeqiri, National Physical Lab. (United Kingdom)
Benjamin T. Cox, Univ. College London (United Kingdom)
Bradley E. Treeby, Univ. College London (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11240:
Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2020
Alexander A. Oraevsky; Lihong V. Wang, Editor(s)

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