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Proceedings Paper

Astronomical image restoration and point spread function estimation with deep neural networks
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Paper Abstract

From ground-based extremely large telescopes to small telescope arrays used for time domain astronomy, point spread function plays an important role both for scientific data post-processing and instrument performance estimation. In this paper, we propose a new method which can restore astronomical images and obtain the point spread function of the whole optical system at the same time. Our method uses simulated high resolution astronomical images and real observed blurred images to train a deep neural network (Cycle-GAN). The Cycle- GAN contains a pair of generative adversarial neural networks and each generative adversarial neural network contains a generator and a discriminator. After training, one generator (PSF-Gen) can learn the point spread function and the other generator (Dec-Gen) can learn the deconvolution kernel. We test our method with real observation data from solar telescope and small aperture telescopes. We find that the Dec-Gen can give promising restoration results for solar images and can reduce the PSF spatial variation for images obtained by smaller telescopes. Besides, we also find that the PSF-Gen can provide a non-parametric PSF model for short exposure images, which would then be used as prior model for PSF reconstruction algorithms in adaptive optics systems.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 January 2020
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 11203, Advances in Optical Astronomical Instrumentation 2019, 112030Q (3 January 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2541083
Show Author Affiliations
Peng Jia, Taiyuan Univ. of Technology (China)
Durham Univ. (United Kingdom)
Xuebo Wu, Taiyuan Univ. of Technology (China)
Xiaoshan Yang, Taiyuan Univ. of Technology (China)
Yi Huang, Taiyuan Univ. of Technology (China)
Bojun Cai, Taiyuan Univ. of Technology (China)
Dongmei Cai, Taiyuan Univ. of Technology (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11203:
Advances in Optical Astronomical Instrumentation 2019
Simon C. Ellis; Céline d'Orgeville, Editor(s)

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