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Proceedings Paper

Optical characteristics of natural water samples collected in 2015-2017 in the supralittoral zone of the Alaid Volcano, the Kuril Islands
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Paper Abstract

The work presents the results of spectroscopic study of the natural water with microorganisms from the splash baths in the Atlasov Island (the Alaid Volcano). The Alaid Volcano is the highest, northernmost and one of the most active volcanoes of the Kuril Islands, the unique object for interdisciplinary research. In 2015 within the supralittoral zone of the island the several splash pools filled with colored marine water were discovered for the first time. The paper presents the results of spectral measurements and microbiological studies performed on natural water samples taken in 2015-2017 from the supralittoral zone of the Alaid Volcano, the Kuril Islands, as well as the photosynthetic microorganisms cultivated from those samples in laboratory. The absorption spectra of the native samples and the cultures of photosynthetic bacteria cultivated from original water demonstrated pronounced maxima at 380, 590, 806, 854 nm wavelengths and the shoulders peaked at 510, 590 and 890 nm. The observed absorption maxima revealed the presence of bacteriochlorophyll а, the main photosynthetic pigment of purple sulfur bacteria, and additionally the cells of purple sulfur bacteria Thiocystis and Thiorhodococcus morphotypes were detected in water under microscope. Observation of water colored by photosynthetic microbes in different parts of the Atlasov Island within several summer seasons in 2015-2017 allowed us to conclude that the development of the purple phototrophic bacteria in the splash baths above the littoral zone is not an accidental event, but the stable phenomenon. On the other Kuril Islands similar splash baths have not been encountered yet.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 December 2019
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 11322, XIV International Conference on Pulsed Lasers and Laser Applications, 113220E (11 December 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2540278
Show Author Affiliations
Leonid P. Anikin, Institute of Volcanology and Seismology of Far Eastern Branch (Russian Federation)
Olga N. Lunina, Federal Research Ctr. “Fundamentals of Biotechnology” (Russian Federation)
Svetlana V. Patsaeva, Lomonosov Moscow State Univ. (Russian Federation)
Vladimir A. Rashidov, Institute of Volcanology and Seismology of Far Eastern Branch (Russian Federation)
Far Eastern Geological Institute of Far Eastern Branch (Russian Federation)
Anna A. Zhiltsova, Lomonosov Moscow State Univ. (Russian Federation)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11322:
XIV International Conference on Pulsed Lasers and Laser Applications
Victor F. Tarasenko; Anton V. Klimkin; Maxim V. Trigub, Editor(s)

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