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Proceedings Paper

Vibration measurement and mount design for cryocoolers on GMT and large telescopes
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Paper Abstract

Cryocoolers have long been demonstrated to be a dominant source of vibration that have caused significant problems with AO systems on large telescopes. Existing large telescopes have already imposed strict vibration requirements on instruments in response to existing problems, and have often struggled to achieve them. As the field moves into the next generation telescopes with GMT, TMT and eELT, vibration requirements continue to get ever tighter. Instrument teams must respond to these more demanding requirements by careful selection of cryocoolers and thoughtful design of cryocooler mounts that are matched closely with the specific requirements of the telescope. As we will demonstrate in this paper there is not a one-size-fits-all solution for every instrument and every telescope. In this paper we demonstrate a general method of deriving the required performance for an anti-vibration mounts for cryocoolers. First we characterize a linear Stirling-type cryocooler as a source of vibration, and determine what compliant mounts would be required to make them acceptable for use on the VLT, GMT and TMT. Measurements are taken of vibration from a Cryotel GT linear Stirling cooler (with active vibration cancellation enabled). By comparing the measured vibration against the requirements of each telescope, we are able to determine the required transfer function and therefore the required spring rate for compliant mounts. The results indicate that while some simple rubber mounts may be sufficient for use with the VLT and TMT, but a compliant mount with natural frequency below 14 Hz must be used for GMT.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 January 2020
PDF: 3 pages
Proc. SPIE 11203, Advances in Optical Astronomical Instrumentation 2019, 1120314 (3 January 2020); doi: 10.1117/12.2539923
Show Author Affiliations
D. Adams, The Australian National Univ. (Australia)
A. Vaccarella, The Australian National Univ. (Australia)
W. Schofield, The Australian National Univ. (Australia)
R. Sharp, The Australian National Univ. (Australia)
J. Gilbert, The Australian National Univ. (Australia)
G. Gausachs, The Australian National Univ. (Australia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11203:
Advances in Optical Astronomical Instrumentation 2019
Simon C. Ellis; Céline d'Orgeville, Editor(s)

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