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Proceedings Paper

Joint optimization of apodizer and lyot stop for coronagraph with four-quadrant phase mask
Author(s): Rui Ge; Hui Zhao; Chuang Li; Xue-wu Fan; Cong-cong Yu
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Paper Abstract

Exploring exoplanets using stellar coronagraph requires coronagraph with a contrast of 10-10 or even lower, because the difference in light intensity between the planet and its parent star is very large. To this end, we optimized the coronagraph imaging system with Four-Quadrant Phase-Mask (FQPM) proposed by D. ROUAN et al in 2000. The FQPM has the advantages of high extinction efficiency for the coherent light from the main source, low sensitivity to atmospheric turbulence and large dynamic range. This paper proposed an apodizer with continuous transmission and a Lyot stop optimized in conjunction with the apodizer for FQPM coronagraph, which enhance the nulling ability of FQPM to achieve a high contrast ratio of 10-12 at 1.25λ/D and a contrast of 10-13 at larger distance. Moreover, this optimization method can optimize the non-circular symmetric mask, that is, the optimization method is two-dimensional, rather than one-dimensional optimization in the case of circular symmetry. Then we compare the joint optimization with the optimization of the apodizer only, the results show that the former has better diffraction suppression and concentrating ability than the latter, which makes the energy more concentrated and the peak signal obtained on the detector is stronger. In the follow-up work, we will continue to complete the FQPM coronagraph system, such as adding adaptive optical to correct wavefront distortion, adding considerations for manufacturing precision of optical components and so on.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 December 2019
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 11341, AOPC 2019: Space Optics, Telescopes, and Instrumentation, 1134102 (18 December 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2538039
Show Author Affiliations
Rui Ge, Xi'an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics (China)
Univ. of Chinese Academy of Sciences (China)
Hui Zhao, Xi'an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics (China)
Chuang Li, Xi'an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics (China)
Xue-wu Fan, Xi'an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics (China)
Cong-cong Yu, Xi'an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics (China)
Univ. of Chinese Academy of Sciences (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11341:
AOPC 2019: Space Optics, Telescopes, and Instrumentation
Suijian Xue; Xuejun Zhang; Carl Anthony Nardell; Ziyang Zhang, Editor(s)

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