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Proceedings Paper

Super-resolution x-ray luminescence optical tomography imaging
Author(s): Xueli Tang; Changpeng Han; Xin Liu
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Paper Abstract

X-ray luminescence optical tomography (XLOT) is a promising in vivo noninvasive imaging technique. By using x-rays to irradiate nanophosphors (NPs) in imaged region, XLOT can achieve better imaging depth and higher imaging sensitivity than the widely used optical molecular tomographic imaging techniques, e.g., bioluminescence tomography (BLT) or fluorescence molecular tomography (FMT). However, compared with the anatomical imaging techniques, e.g., x-ray computed tomography (XCT), XLOT has the disadvantage of low spatial resolution limited to millimeters. To overcome the limitation, recently, many efforts have been dedicated to optimize the data acquisition schemes and improve reconstruction methods. Nevertheless, challenges remain in XLOT due to the light scattering in biological tissues and the severely ill-condition and ill-posed of the inverse problem of XLOT. To improve the spatial resolution of XLOT, inspired by super-resolution localization optical microscopy, in this work, we propose a novel imaging method, termed as SR-XLOT, which is achieved by locating the position of NPs in each frame by using the single emitter localization methods (e.g., Gaussian fitting method). After reconstructing the positions of NPs in each frame, a super-resolution XLOT image can be generated by superimposing the identified positions of NPs from all frames into one image. To evaluate the performance of the proposed SR-XLOT method, a series of numerical simulation experiments were performed. The experimental results indicate that when using SR-XLOT method, the spatial resolution of XLOT can be significantly improved, compared with the conventional reconstruction methods. As a result, the method makes it possible to implement a super-resolution XLOT imaging, which is attractive for medical diagnostic and drug research.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 November 2019
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 11190, Optics in Health Care and Biomedical Optics IX, 111902M (20 November 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2537540
Show Author Affiliations
Xueli Tang, Shanghai Univ. (China)
Changpeng Han, Shanghai Univ. (China)
Xin Liu, Shanghai Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11190:
Optics in Health Care and Biomedical Optics IX
Qingming Luo; Xingde Li; Ying Gu; Yuguo Tang; Dan Zhu, Editor(s)

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