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Super-resolution hyperspectral compressed sampling imaging by push-broom coded aperture
Author(s): Mengzhu Li; Weizheng Wang; Junli Qi; Wei Wang; Jiying Liu; Wusheng Tang; Wenjun Yi; Yanfang Guo; Mengjun Zhu; Jubo Zhu; Xiujian Li
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Paper Abstract

Super-resolution hyperspectral imaging is a key technology for many applications, especially in the fields of remote sensing, military, agriculture, and geological exploration. Recovering a high resolution image needs enormous data, which puts forward very high requirements on image system hardware. Compressed sampling spectral imaging technology could well solve this problem and achieve high-resolution objects with low-resolution compressed data. In this paper, the method of a compressed sampling spectral imaging based on push-broom coded aperture and dispersion prism is proposed. A spectral aliasing image is formed when the object passing through the dispersive prism. According to the prism dispersion condition and the CCD pixel size, the visible spectrum can be divided into N spectral bands, and the measurement matrix of the coded aperture is respectively calibrated for the center wavelength of each spectral band. By controlling a stepper to implement the push broom of the coded aperture to change the measurement matrix, multiple spectral aliasing images can be obtained. The pixel size of the coded aperture becomes half of the CCD by a relay lens, which means the pixel of CCD is low-resolution for the coded aperture. The super-resolution hyperspectral image of the object is obtained by the improved LS reconstruction algorithm. Simulation results show that, the recovered hyperspectral image has twice resolution compared with the low-resolution CCD image, and the peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) and structural similarity (SSIM) increase with the increasing compressed sampling hyperspectral images. For N=31, the average PSNR and SSIM recovered from six aliasing images is 22.019 and 0.235, respectively. The average PSNR and SSIM of the recovered 31 bands are also increasing with increasing aliasing images. While the aliasing imaging is 156, The average PSNR and SSIM exceeds 38 and 0.9. This method proves that super-resolution hyperspectral imaging can be achieved by capturing less low-resolution object images.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 November 2019
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 11186, Advanced Optical Imaging Technologies II, 1118613 (19 November 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2537503
Show Author Affiliations
Mengzhu Li, Changsha Univ. of Science & Technology (China)
National Univ. of Defense Technology (China)
Weizheng Wang, Changsha Univ. of Science & Technology (China)
Junli Qi, National Univ. of Defense Technology (China)
Army Academy of Artillery and Air Defense (China)
Wei Wang, Changsha Univ. of Science & Technology (China)
Jiying Liu, National Univ. of Defense Technology (China)
Wusheng Tang, National Univ. of Defense Technology (China)
Wenjun Yi, National Univ. of Defense Technology (China)
Yanfang Guo, Changsha Univ. of Science & Technology (China)
National Univ. of Defense Technology (China)
Mengjun Zhu, National Univ. of Defense Technology (China)
Jubo Zhu, National Univ. of Defense Technology (China)
Xiujian Li, National Univ. of Defense Technology (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11186:
Advanced Optical Imaging Technologies II
Xiao-Cong Yuan; P. Scott Carney; Kebin Shi; Michael G. Somekh, Editor(s)

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