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Proceedings Paper

The future of the electronics industry beyond 2D/3D scaling
Author(s): Paolo A. Gargini
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Paper Abstract

The semiconductor industry has been and remains the engine of the electronics revolution that has completely change society for the better. 2D transistor performance and transistor count have steadily increased for the past 70 years. 2D “geometrical scaling” was the engine of the semiconductor industry until the end of the previous century. By that time some fundamental physical limits were reached and overcome by completely restructuring the transistor and replacing some of the original materials. This second era was named “equivalent scaling”. In this decade, memory technologies have already reached the cost effective limits of 2D scaling and have migrated to “3D power scaling”. Logic will transition to 3D structures and architectures in the near future. However, 3D power scaling will also reach practical topological limits in the next 15 years and it will be then necessary to implement computing techniques that operate with more than one bit in any physical location to support the 4th age of Moore’s Law. What can the electronics industry do to get ready for it?

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 October 2019
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 11147, International Conference on Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography 2019, 1114719 (1 October 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2536621
Show Author Affiliations
Paolo A. Gargini, International Roadmap for Devices and Systems, IEUVI (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11147:
International Conference on Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography 2019
Toshiro Itani; Paolo A. Gargini; Patrick P. Naulleau; Kurt G. Ronse, Editor(s)

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