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High speed ultraprecision machining of germanium
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Paper Abstract

Mass production of Ge lenses is a very common operation in the infrared (IR) optics manufacturing industry. The process of choice for production of such optics is single point diamond turning (SPDT). Ge is a very suitable material for SPDT and this gives the ability to produce complex elements with excellent surface finishes (<5 nm RMS). In this paper the application of the Micro-LAM (referred to μ-LAM hereafter) process in SPDT of single crystal Ge is reported. The main idea is to investigate the maximum in-feed rates for a spindle speed of 5000 RPM as function of the tool nose radius and rake angle. Typical industry practice is to machine Ge with a spindle speed of 5000 RPM to 12000 RPM, and finishing in-feed rates between 0.5 μm/rev and 1 μm/rev. It is shown that an increase in the tool nose radius leads to an increase in the maximum in-feed achievable without the appearance of brittle fracture zones on the surface. It is also shown that using larger negative rake angles can also enable higher tool in-feeds without trade-off’s to the surface quality.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 November 2019
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 11175, Optifab 2019, 111750E (15 November 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2536360
Show Author Affiliations
Hossein Shahinian, Micro-LAM, Inc. (United States)
Jayesh Navare, Micro-LAM, Inc. (United States)
Charan Bodlapati, Micro-LAM, Inc. (United States)
Dmytro Zaytsev, Micro-LAM, Inc. (United States)
Di Kang, Micro-LAM, Inc. (United States)
Deepak Ravindra, Micro-LAM, Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11175:
Optifab 2019
Blair L. Unger; Jessica DeGroote Nelson, Editor(s)

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