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Proceedings Paper

Design of a 16 x 16 fast-gated SPAD imager with 16 integrated shared picosecond TDCs for non-line-of-sight imaging
Author(s): Enrico Conca; Simone Riccardo; Vincenzo Sesta; Davide Portaluppi; Franco Zappa; Alberto Tosi
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Paper Abstract

We present the design of a new fast-gated 16 x 16 silicon SPAD array developed in a 0.16 μm BCD technology with builtin 6 ps resolution TDCs (Time-to-Digital Converters), optimized for Non-Line-Of-Sight imaging. The high temporal resolution is achieved by sharing one high-performance TDC among 16 SPADs, without losing spatial resolution, thanks to an identification logic capable of detecting and rejecting collisions. In the SPAD frontend, a low-threshold comparator minimizes temporal jitter, while an active quenching circuit reduces afterpulsing. An event-driven readout scheme optimizes data transfers, however a standard frame-driven photon-counting only mode is also available. The goal is to enable quasi real-time NLOS scene reconstruction by parallelizing the acquisition across multiple spots. Thanks to its high temporal resolution, the detector can be exploited also in other scientific applications, such as clinical diagnostic (with Time-Domain Near Infrared Spectroscopy) and LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging).

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 October 2019
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 11163, Emerging Imaging and Sensing Technologies for Security and Defence IV, 1116307 (16 October 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2536352
Show Author Affiliations
Enrico Conca, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Simone Riccardo, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Vincenzo Sesta, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Davide Portaluppi, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Franco Zappa, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Alberto Tosi, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11163:
Emerging Imaging and Sensing Technologies for Security and Defence IV
Gerald S. Buller; Richard C. Hollins; Robert A. Lamb; Martin Laurenzis, Editor(s)

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