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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

Lifetime of channel electron multiplier detectors dedicated to plasma instruments for Solar Orbiter and JUICE space missions
Author(s): A. Fedorov; J. Rubiella Romeo; R. Baruah; A. Grigoriev; N. André

Paper Abstract

Both Solar Orbiter and Jupiter Icy moon Explorer (JUICE) are long-life ESA missions, which should work in extremely difficult space environment. A very high thermal load up to 13 Solar constants will affect Solar Orbiter, and JUICE will experience a high penetration radiation influence in the Jupiter magnetosphere. The plasma packages of these missions, dedicated mostly for detection of low energy (between 1eV and 50 kev) ions and electrons shall accept a very high dynamic range of the incident charged particle flow. All these circumstances motivate us to use the Channel Electron Multiplier (CEM) as detectors in both missions. CEMs are a classical low energy charged particle and X-ray detectors that have been used fore many early space missions. Later, they were forced out by Micro-Channel Plates (MCP), which allow to provide an image of the particle distribution. But for such challenge missions as Solar Orbiter and JUICE we have to come back to CEMs because they 1) less sensible to the penetrating radiation 2) have much wide dynamical range, 3) have much longer lifetime than MCPs. The detector lifetime is, actually, the maximum particles number accumulated by detector until its efficiency becomes too low. And this detector feature is critical for Solar Orbiter and JUICE missions.

To check the lifetime of CEMs, for different thermal conditions also, we have made a dedicated experimental setup. We irradiated several CEM samples by a strong electron flux, continuously measuring the CEM gain and keeping 80°C on the sample. The final total number of events, detected by each CEM was equivalent to 20 years of the continuous operation in space. The experiment has shown the excellent lifetime properties of the CEMs, chosen for the missions

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 July 2019
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 11180, International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2018, 111806F (12 July 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2536150
Show Author Affiliations
A. Fedorov, Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie (France)
J. Rubiella Romeo, MECANO-ID (France)
R. Baruah, Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie (France)
A. Grigoriev, Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie (France)
N. André, Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11180:
International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2018
Zoran Sodnik; Nikos Karafolas; Bruno Cugny, Editor(s)

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