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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

Mechanical design and testing of the MOMA flight model laser head for the EXOMARS 2020 mission
Author(s): M. Ernst; A. Büttner; M. Hunnekuhl; R. Kalms; L. Willemsen; P. Wessels; D. Kracht; J. Neumann

Paper Abstract

A hermetically sealed laser head (LH) emitting laser pulses at a wavelength of 266 nm has been developed and tested for the Mars Organic Molecule Analyzer (MOMA) instrument of the ESA/Roscosmos ExoMars 2020 mission. MOMA comprises a gas chromatograph (GC) and a laser desorption mass spectrometer (LDMS). Its primary function is to search for traces of present or past signs of organic molecules in subsurface material probes. The LH is used as an excitation source for the LDMS part of MOMA. Its design fulfils stringent mass and volume requirements and is realized as a hermetically sealed system. It consists of a laser diode pumped Nd:YAG based laser oscillator, a frequency conversion stage for frequency quadrupling of the fundamental laser oscillator wavelength, a compact monitoring stage for internal laser pulse detection, a beam shaping telescope and an adjustable laser beam steering unit with the purpose of guiding the generated UV laser beam to its target position in front of the mass spectrometer (MS) ion inlet.

The system has undergone extensive functional and environmental testing including vibration, shock and thermal vacuum chamber tests. After completion of the functional and environmental test campaign, the LH has been integrated on the MOMA mass spectrometer. Here we report on the mechanical design of this LH and its environmental testing. Furthermore, the LH was successfully tested both functionally and environmentally on LDMS level.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 July 2019
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 11180, International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2018, 111805J (12 July 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2536118
Show Author Affiliations
M. Ernst, Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (Germany)
A. Büttner, Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (Germany)
M. Hunnekuhl, Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (Germany)
R. Kalms, Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (Germany)
L. Willemsen, Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (Germany)
P. Wessels, Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (Germany)
D. Kracht, Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (Germany)
J. Neumann, Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11180:
International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2018
Zoran Sodnik; Nikos Karafolas; Bruno Cugny, Editor(s)

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